Taking decent photographs is easier than most people realize. There are a few easy to implement tips that can improve the look of your photos.
Good photographs are not created by accident – in order to capture a quality photograph it is ideal to have some background knowledge on how a camera works and a basic understanding of photography. Many people are led to believe that great photographs are taken by chance – this is simply not true. Great photographs are the result of great planning by the photographer. However, if you’re not interested in properly organizing the capturing of your image, there are a few simple tips and tricks you can use that will elevate the quality of your photographs.
The modern digital camera has allowed even the most amateur photographer to capture higher quality images without having to posses much knowledge in the field of photography. There are basically two types of cameras: inexpensive point and shoot digital cameras and high end professional camera bodies that allows a photographer to use a variety of lenses. The typical point-and-shoot camera is good for everyday use whereas the professional camera is use for elaborate, highly organized photo shoots. Professional cameras can range anywhere from five to ten thousand dollars. Despite the price differences in both types of cameras, there are several simple tricks a point-and-shoot photo enthusiast can use to enhance the quality of his images to a more professional quality.
Lighting is essential when it comes to photography. The manner in which you light your subject ultimately separates a great photograph from a terrible one. When photographing people in direct sun light, there is one simple rule to follow: photographs should not be taken in direct sunlight unless it during the evening or in the morning. The sun is low on the horizon at these times and produces reddish hues which enhance skin tone. The worst time of day to capture an image of a person is at high noon – their skin tone will become washed out and the image will be very unflattering.
There is one simple way to remove skin blemishes and uneven skin tones: overexpose your image. With expensive professional cameras, overexposure can be accomplished with the simple push of a button. With point-and-shoot cameras, the consumer will have to manually adjust the exposure settings.
It is always important to be aware of how the light hits your subject. Depending on your light source, your subject will have high, mid, or low level shadows. High angled lighting is the kind of lighting the human eye is accustomed to seeing simply because the sun is our usual light source from which we view the world at large. When low angled lighting is used to capture a photograph, the human eye is just not accustomed to seeing that sort of lighting and the final image will typically be unflattering. Low angled lighting is best used for artistic photography.
It is ideal to capture close up shots of your subject if your subject is a person – most people prefer close up shots of themselves rather than more distant looking photographs. Close ups should be taken from the shoulders up. Of course, it’s always great to take a few distant photographs as well, especially if the surroundings can be easily identified as a historic landmark or otherwise interesting location.
The size of your camera lens is another important aspect of capturing a photograph that must be taken into consideration. The most commonly used lens is the 50 mm lens. This lens produces the closest replication of how the human eye naturally views the world. With the 25 mm lens, the resulting image is about double the distance than what the human eye would normally perceive. With a 100 mm lens, the resulting image is about two times closer than what the human eye would normally perceive.